October 25, 2021

Science

The world of science and technology

For These 7 Species, Sex Changes Everything

3 min read

For These 7 Species, Sex Changes Everything

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Animals and plants come in an amazing variety of shapes, sizes and colors. And in some species, they take it pretty extreme to deal with the battles within and between sexes.

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Elephant Seals and Cichlids:
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123808585000095
http://cetus.ucsd.edu/sio133/PDF/Sexual%20Dimorphism.pdf
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF00302924
https://blogs.scientificamerican.com/tetrapod-zoology/incredible-elephant-seals-part-1/
https://www.jstor.org/stable/4533425?read-now=1&seq=2#page_scan_tab_contents
http://behav.zoology.unibe.ch/sysuif/uploads/files/esh/pdf_online/schuetz/Schuetz_JFishBiol2000.pdf
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12038-010-0030-6
Moas:
https://www.nature.com/articles/nature01871
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/full/10.1098/rspb.2013.0401
Blue and Great Tits:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1690890/pdf/11839194.pdf
https://royalsocietypublishing.org/doi/abs/10.1098/rspb.2003.2375
https://www.nature.com/articles/362537a0
Orchids:
http://www.indefenseofplants.com/blog/2017/12/27/the-extraordinary-catasetum-orchids
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/6066067_Sexual_Dimorphism_in_Catasetum_Orchids_Forcible_Pollen_Emplacement_and_Male_Flower_Competition
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S003194221500093X
https://esajournals.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.2307/2937200
https://www.scielo.sa.cr/pdf/lankesteriana/v16n1/1409-3871-lankesteriana-16-01-00043.pdf
Sticklebacks:
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3261870/
https://life.bio.sunysb.edu/ee/belllab/Bell_Foster_Book/Entire_Book.pdf
Rusty Tussock Moths:
http://entnemdept.ufl.edu/creatures/urban/medical/tussock_moths.htm
https://www.researchgate.net/publication/8665926_Zera_AJ_Denno_RF_Physiology_and_ecology_of_dispersal_polymorphism_in_insects_Annu_Rev_Ent_42_207-230
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-71155-8_3
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orgyia_antiqua#/media/File:Orgyia_antiqua_MHNT.CUT.2012.0.356.Gières.jpg
Spoon Worms:
https://www.jstor.org/stable/3548792?read-now=1&refreqid=excelsior%3Ad974221a5ffd9fdc330d1e36624db4b4&seq=2#page_scan_tab_contents
https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-642-66069-6_10
https://animalfactsbit.blogspot.com/2017/04/green-spoon-worm-facts-habitat-diet-and.html
https://www.earthtouchnews.com/natural-world/animal-behaviour/sex-changes-sperm-slaves-ballooning-bodies-spoon-worms-are-really-weird/

Image Sources:


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sexual_dimorphism#/media/File:Male_and_female_A._appensa.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Pair_of_mandarin_ducks.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Great_tit_side-on.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Parus_major_Luc_Viatour.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Catasetum_osculatum#/media/File:Catasetum_osculatum_Orchi_088.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Catasetum_osculatum#/media/File:Catasetum_osculatum_Orchi_023.jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Male_Euglossa_sp.jpg

IMG_7830

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orgyia_antiqua#/media/File:(2026)_The_Vapourer_(Orgyia_antiqua)_(19245708773).jpg
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orgyia_antiqua#/media/File:Orgyia_antiqua_MHNT.CUT.2012.0.356.Gi%C3%A8res.jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Orgyia_antiqua#/media/File:Orgyia_antiqua,_Vapourer,_Hafod_Bonc,_North_Wales,_July_2017_(36101181235).jpg
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Haplophryne_mollis_(female,_with_atrophied_male_attached).gif
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bon%C3%A9lie_(Bonellia_viridis)_PC301461.JPG
https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Annual_report_of_the_Board_of_Regents_of_the_Smithsonian_Institution_(1892)_(18247290688).jpg